The arrival of new international telecoms companies is generating innovation and cutting costs
Armando Guebuza - President of Mozambique
A party insider, Guebuza won battles within Frelimo in 2002 to win the candidacy for the 2004 presidential elections. More out-and-out politician than his predecessor, Joaquim Chissano, he won 63% of the vote and is expected to take the October 2009 poll comfortably. A keen believer in the power of business, he built up strong interests in fishing, construction and export industries before taking office. Results-oriented, he has also been behind a shift towards greater decentralisation and has helped focus education on the needs of the country.
Afonso Dhlakama - Leader of Renamo
Having failed to hold a single serious conference of Renamo militants despite running as candidate for each of the post-war elections, Dhlakama has not created an organised and disciplined opposition party. His frequent complaints of electoral fraud may be in part true, but the party has cried wolf too often. Renamo, created by Rhodesia then supported by apartheid South Africa and the US, was conciliated by Chissano, who knew peace depended on burying enmity, but Dhlakama has kept missing opportunities to reinvent both himself and his party.
Daviz Simango - Mayor of Beira
Replaced as the Renamo candidate for the mayorship of Beira in November 2008, the son of former Frelimo vice president Urias Simango went on to run as an independent, beating both main parties to be re-elected with more than 60% of the vote. A section of the Renamo membership of the area deserted to join him. His unofficial spokesman Geraldo Carvalho says he will run for the presidency in October; some suggest, however, that he would be wiser to stand first for a seat in parliament, and so take his time to move up from the local level in Beira.