Country FilesCentralCountry Profile: CHAD


Posted on Friday, 12 November 2010 00:00

Country Profile: CHAD

This country profile was published in November 2010 in our annual 'Africa in 2011' issue. The next edition, 'Africa in 2012' will be on sale in November 2011.


CountryProfile StatsChad

Contents :

Country Profile

Top Chadian Companies

Top Chadian Banks



The opacity of oil

President Idriss Déby ?Itno’s confidence will be high in 2011. He plans to capitalise on both the national and regional situations to strengthen his grip on power while oil money pours in. The increased control of the Chadian state and security apparatus by his closest relatives in the Itno lineage means that his regime remain linked to Zaghawa regional politics in Chad and Darfur.

?After numerous delays, the government completed a voter census in June 2010 and 4.5 million electors will cast their votes in parliamentary elections on 6 February and presidential elections on 3 April, although new delays are possible. There are already strong indications that the ruling Mouvement Patriotique du Salut will comfortably beat opposition from the coalition Coordination des Partis Politiques pour la Défense de la Constitution. Groups allied with Déby’s regime have been overrepresented in the voter-registration process and the distribution of constituencies. Analysts say that President Déby will allocate some seats to opposition leaders in order to show his goodwill and make it appear that he does not maintain a complete monopoly on power.

?Chad’s international partners, whether in Washington or Paris, did not do much to follow up on the 13 August 2007 agreement that created the framework for the current political-reconciliation process. Progress in economic governance is slow, with anti-corruption measures yet to capture big fish. ?

Regional stability is still key. On the one hand, Déby has decided to improve relations with the government of Omer Hassan el Beshir in Khartoum. The reconciliation came after Salah Gosh, the head of Sudanese security and the main backer of the Chadian armed opposition, was removed from his post in August 2009. Déby’s strategic gamble was further reinforced by a trip to Khartoum in February, the establishment of a joint Chadian-Sudanese force patrolling the border, the decision to close the UN peacekeeping mission by the end of 2010, the expulsion of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) troops and the deportation on 19 May of JEM leader Khalil Ibrahim.

The attack on staff of the French company Areva in Niger in September has renewed the focus on Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and also provided Déby with leverage over his international allies. Already, the Chadian army has benefited from training programmes paid for by the US government.

?The Chadian economy is dependent on oil production for its economic growth. The IMF says that GDP growth will remain at 4.3% in 2010 and drop to 3.9% in 2011. ?

The government has set up the National Programme for Food Security to tackle the 20% of the country who suffer from chronic lack of food. This has given agricultural a boost, especially the gum arabic sector, which represents 7% of GDP and employs 500,000 people. A focus on road building is also starting to ease inflationary pressures on smallholders, whose nearest port is 21,000km away in Douala. The growing regional demand for sugar, as well as internal demand estimated at 80,000 tons, means there is plenty of runway left for the Compagnie Sucrière du Tchad. ?

There is little transparency in the way oil money is spent, and people have been left asking why so many schools are built if teachers are not recruited and paid. In late 2010, the national oil company Société des Hydrocarbures du Tchad ?decided it would unilaterally begin selling its share of production from the Doba field, raising corporate governance concerns. ?



Chad's Top Companies


No Chadian companies featured in The Africa's Report's Top 500 Companies in Africa 2009.



Chad's Top Banks


No Chadian banks featured in The Africa's Report's Top 500 Banks in Africa 2009.


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