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Posted on Wednesday, 02 October 2013 09:43

South Africa's poverty rate rise ahead of MDG benchmark year

Children play in the dump as the Lonmin mine is seen in the background in Rustenburg, 100 km (62 miles) northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa, August 21, 2012. Photo©Siphiwe Sibeko/ReutersPoverty levels in South Africa have increased slightly over the last decade, according to a new survey by the Afrobarometer Index.

The Afrobarometer poverty survey's Lived Poverty Index, LPI for 2012 showed South Africa scoring 0.81 on a scale of zero to four.

Four reflects a constant absence of all basic necessities, while zero reflects no poverty.

In 2002, South Africa scored 0.71.

The survey was conducted in 35 countries across Africa, with South Africa receiving the sixth lowest LPI score.

Ethiopia's data is yet to be released.

The survey indicated that poverty in South Africa increased despite reported average economic growth of 3.6% between 2002 and 2012.

In 2002, South Africa scored 0.71, 0.82 in 2005, and 0.89 in 2008 on the LPI.

The survey indicated that poverty in South Africa increased despite reported average economic growth of 3.6% between 2002 and 2012.

Between 2011 and 2013, 60% of South Africans never experienced water shortages, while 29 percent did so once, twice or several times.

Eleven percent experienced water shortages many times or always.

The Afrobarometer is an independent, nonpartisan research project that measures the social, political, and economic atmosphere in Africa.

The report further states that "with only two years to go before the 2015 Millennium Development Goal benchmark year, roughly one in five Africans still experiences frequent ('many times' or 'always') deprivation with respect to their most basic needs for food (17%), clean water (21%), and medicines and medical care (20%).

It notes that citizens in in Burundi, Guinea, Niger, Senegal and Togo experienced the highest average levels of poverty, while those living in Algeria and Mauritius experienced the lowest.



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