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Ethiopia’s Mengistu & Rwanda’s Mpiranya: Two Africans wanted for genocide

In depth
This article is part of the dossier: The 20 most wanted Africans…

By Marième Soumaré, Mehdi Ba
Posted on Thursday, 7 October 2021 08:52

In our final delve into Africans on the run, we look at these two men who have been accused of having committed crimes against humanity: the worst category imaginable. Ethiopia's former dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam, and Rwanda's Protais Mpiranya, the elusive ex-commander of the Rwandan Presidential Guard who is said to have played a key role in the Tutsi genocide.

This is part 4 of a 4-part series

Ethiopia – Mengistu Haile Mariam, the Blood Red Negus

84-year-old former Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam, who was sentenced to death in his own country, has enjoyed a quiet life in Harare for the past 30 years, despite the death of his old friend Robert Mugabe.

Also in this in Depth:

South Africa’s Gupta siblings, Nigeria’s Diezani…Africans wanted for corruption charges

From Nigeria's Diezani Alison-Madueke, known as the Queen of Spades, to South Africa's Gupta siblings, we explore the first round of Africans accused of embezzling billions in our series.

DRC’s Numbi, Rwanda’s Nyamwasa…Africans wanted on criminal charges

Although they have held strategic positions in their respective countries, these once powerful people - from Burkina Faso's François Compaoré to Mali's Karim Keïta and the DRC's Kalev Mutond and John Numbi - are now being cited in criminal cases. We've delved into their criminal dealings in part two of our series.

Côte d’Ivoire’s Soro, CAR’s Bozizé, Djibouti’s Kadamy…Prosecuted for attempted coups or destabilisation

Côte d'Ivoire's Guillaume Soro, the National Assembly’s former president, Agbéyomé Kodjo, an unsuccessful Togolese presidential candidate, and the CAR’s president-turned-militant François Bozizé have all been accused of conspiracy as well as either leading an attempted coup d’état or destabilisation and now live in exile. We delve into those accused of such charges in the third part of our series.