Last month marked ten years since Mohammed Yusuf, founder of Boko Haram, died in police detention. His death led to the radicalisation of the sect and a declaration of Jihad against the Nigerian state.
Russia-Africa: who is organising the Sochi Summit?
From 22 to 24 October, Sochi will host the first ever Russia-Africa Summit. We take a look at the who's who behind the event.
Sergei Lavrov (69)
Minister of Foreign Affairs since 2004, Lavrov has established privileged relations with African Heads of State and Ministers. He is well acquainted with the workings of the United Nations, where he was the Russian representative from 1994 to 2004. Sometimes cheerful and charming, sometimes angry and stubborn, he likes Scotch whisky, Italian cuisine, and rafting. His motto is taken from the words of the anthem of the Moscow Institute of International Relations (which he wrote in 1998): “Do not bend and get to the point.”
Mikhail Bogdanov (67)
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs since 2011 and President Putin’s Special Envoy to the Middle East and Africa since 2012. A keen basketball fan, he was posted to Yemen, Lebanon, and Syria before being appointed as Ambassador to Israel (1997-2002) and Egypt (2005-2011). His predecessor, Mikhail Marguelov, had a more sub-Saharan fibre, but this Arabic speaker has become Africanized as he’s travelled.
Andrei Kemarski (64)
Head of the Sub-Saharan Africa Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kemarski is fluent in Portuguese and English. He was Ambassador to Angola and São Tomé and Príncipe (2002-2007), then to Mozambique and Eswatini (2010-2017). Last January, he participated in the Khartoum conference on conflict resolution in Central Africa.
Alexandre Kinchtchakak (56)
Director of the Middle East and North Africa Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kinchtchakak was formerly Counsellor at the Iraqi Embassy (2002-2004) and Ambassador to Kuwait (2008-2013) and Syria (2014-2018).
Irina Abramova (57)
The Arabic-speaking economist has been Director of the Institute of African Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow since 2016. She is the author of numerous studies on Africa’s place in the new global economy.
Andrei Maslov (39)
Founder of the consulting firm RAEx, which advises Russian investors in Africa, Maslov has also worked in the past for the Russian Foreign Trade Bank, Gazprom in Nigeria, and the diamond group, Alrosa. He embodies the new generation of Russian Africanists, oriented towards the business world.
Alexei Vasiliev (80)
The Honorary President of the Institute of African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences is a veteran of the African scene. He was the Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation for relations with Africa from 2006 to 2011. His speciality is Egypt, where he served as a Pravda correspondent during Soviet times. Together with Andreï Maslov and Evgueni Korendyasov (former ambassador to Mali and Burkina Faso), he is one of the coordinators of the “Russia-Africa Report: A common vision for 2030”, to be presented at the Sochi Summit.
Yuri Yushakov (72)
Ambassador to the United States from 1998 to 2008, Yushako has been Putin’s diplomatic adviser since 2012, accompanying him on all his travels and assisting him in his meetings with foreign leaders. He has also represented Russia at the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), NATO and the EU. He is not an expert on Africa, but a faithful among Putin’s followers, which is why he is in charge of organizing the Sochi summit, with the help of Anton Kobyakov, also an advisor to the Kremlin.
Stouglev is the Patron of the Roscongress Foundation, which seeks to develop Russia’s “economic potential and promote its interests and image” through international events, such as the Sochi Summit and Economic Forum (23-24 October). Hailing from St. Petersburg, his mantra is “Success, stress, gratitude, and work.”
Dmitri Shugaev (54)
Head of the Federal Service for Military Technical Cooperation (FSVTS), Shugaev is in charge of arms contracts. Military cooperation agreements are the responsibility of Sergei Choïgou, the Minister of Defence.
Nikolai Patrouchev (68)
Secretary of the National Security Council, Patrouchev, the general who headed the FSB (secret services) from 1999 to 2008, remains, in practice, an intelligence coordinator. In this capacity, he is in charge of security and anti-terrorist issues, organizes forums, and acts as Putin’s emissary to certain leaders, such as Mohammed VI, Mahmoud Abbas, and Benyamin Netanyahu. A tough negotiator and ardent nationalist, he is considered an anti-American “falcon”. One of his sons is Minister of Agriculture and the other is the Deputy Director-General of Gazprom.
This article first appeared on Jeune Afrique.
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