At 72, the ally of deposed Sudanese strongman Omar al-Bashir was a senior commander of the Janjaweed militia – a notorious armed group created by the government.
“I reject all these charges. I am innocent of all these charges,” Abd-Al-Rahman told the court in The Hague today as his trial opened and he was asked to plead. According to the ICC, “It is not yet possible to say precisely how long the trial will last. That depends on the complexity of the case and the challenges that may arise.”
The charge sheet
He faces 31 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity for acts committed in 2003-2004 in the arid western Sudanese region.
The long charge sheet includes acts of murder, rape, torture and pillaging.
The United Nations says 300,000 people were killed and 2.5 million people were displaced in the 2003-2004 conflict.
Back then, fighting broke out when Black African rebels, complaining of systematic discrimination, took up arms against Bashir’s Arab-dominated regime.
Khartoum responded by unleashing the Janjaweed, a force drawn from among the region’s nomadic tribes.
Rights groups described it as a deliberate campaign of ethnic cleansing targeting the Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa ethnic groups.
In April 2007, the ICC issued an arrest warrant for Abd-Al-Rahman, also known by the nom de guerre of Ali Kushayb.
He fled to the Central African Republic in February 2020, when the new Sudanese government announced its intention to cooperate with the ICC investigation.
Four months later, he surrendered voluntarily, on 9 June 2020.
Prosecutors said Abd-Al-Rahman, who carried the title of “colonel of colonels” in the Janjaweed, played a central role in a series of attacks on at least four villages in west Darfur.
He is charged with both directing the attacks, as well as mobilising, recruiting, arming and supplying Janjaweed militia under his command.
Abd-Al-Rahman was a “willing, knowing participant in these crimes,” ICC chief prosecutor Karim Khan said.
“He took pride in the power that he thought he exerted… and a strange glee in his feared reputation,” Khan told the judges.
During these attacks, at least 100 villagers were murdered, women and girls were raped and the members of the predominantly Fur ethnic group were subjected to forcible transfer and persecution.
Torture and detention
After one attack in late February and early March 2002 on a village, 100 Fur men including community leaders, doctors and teachers were taken to a police station in the town of Mukjar, where they were interrogated and tortured.
Fifty detainees were driven out into the countryside, told to lie face down and were then executed, prosecutors said.
In another incident in March 2004, between 100 to 200 Fur men were detained and taken to an open area at the Deleig police station where they were tortured, prosecutors added.
“Abd-Al-Rahman stood or walked on the backs of detainees, hit them… kicked them, and verbally abused them,” they said.
He then allegedly hit three men with “a stick or an axe-like object”.
“These males died as a consequence of his conduct,” prosecutors said.
Abd-Al-Rahman is the first suspect to be tried for war crimes committed in Darfur – “a rare long-awaited chance for the victims and the communities the Janjaweed terrorised to see an alleged leader face justice,” Human Rights Watch said in a statement.
His trial is also the first-ever stemming from a UN Security Council referral. The ICC has acknowledged the weight of the trial stating, “in extreme cases, such as the specific circumstances of the accused conviction, the Court may impose a term of life imprisonment”.
Former president Omar al-Bashir and three others are still being sought by the ICC — which opened its doors in 2002 to try those responsible for the world’s worst crimes — for crimes in Darfur.
Following his ouster in 2019, Bashir remains in Sudan despite calls for him and two other associates to be handed over to the ICC for prosecution.
ICC chief prosecutor Karim Khan said a military coup in Sudan in October marked a setback in the court’s work, with the northeast African country roiled by deepening unrest.
But “accelerated cooperation with the International Criminal Court is the only viable path to ensuring long-delayed justice for the survivors of crimes against humanity in Darfur,” Khan told the UN Security Council in January.
Tomorrow, the first prosecution witness will be called to the stand, as the case develops.
©️ Agence France-Presse
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