The last time Hassan Sheik Mohamud was president (2012-2017), the wider Horn and global dynamics were quite different. Covid was unheard of, the repercussions of the Arab Spring were still being felt and the world was just beginning to deal with then US president Donald Trump. Now, leaders have to deal with Russia’s war in Ukraine, a civil war in Ethiopia and growing concerns about global economic growth.
The reform agenda
Emerging from a tough race, Somalia’s President Hassan Sheikh has a long list of economic, institutional, security and diplomatic reforms he wants to introduce.
Despite making progress on the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries debt-relief programme, the previous government of President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed ‘Farmaajo’ faced a “triple shock” : Covid, extreme flooding and a locust invasion. Though the African Development Bank projects 3% GDP growth for 2022, the
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