Angola: Cabinda, an unsolvable problem?

By Marie Toulemonde
Posted on Wednesday, 3 August 2022 14:26

Infograph provided by Jeune Afrique.

Flec is one of the oldest rebel groups on the continent, born in the wake of the struggle for independence and fuelled by a desire for oil. Divided but still present, it has called for a boycott of the 24 August general elections. A look back at a guerrilla group that has survived for nearly 70 years.

It is a geographical anomaly, an Angolan enclave wedged between DRC and the Republic of Congo. It is also a geological anomaly, nicknamed the “African Kuwait” because of its immense oil reserves. Its 7,283 square kilometres, partly buried in the Mayombe forest and marine subsoil have enabled Luanda to become one of the continent’s largest black gold producers and never ceased to arouse envy. Cabinda has also been the scene, for nearly 70 years, of a latent conflict led today by a handful of separatists who claim their territory’s autonomy amid an atmosphere of almost general indifference.