Ramaphosa garnered 2,476 votes for the post of party president against 1,897 for former health minister Zweli Mkhize, the African National Congress’ elections chief, Kgalema Motlanthe, announced.
“It’s a good outcome not only for the governing party […] it’s a good outcome for the country,” Ramaphosa’s spokesman Vincent Magwenya told reporters.
“The president is quite energised,” he added.
Ramaphosa’s comfortable victory opens the way for him to a second term as South African president if the ANC win the next general elections, due in 2024.
Under the constitution, the head of state is chosen by parliament.
More than 4,300 delegates, gathered at a conference near Johannesburg, cast their ballots on Sunday to appoint top officials, including party president, deputy president, chair and secretary general,
The party’s former treasurer, Paul Mashatile, emerged deputy president.
Most of the delegates erupted in celebration, standing on chairs, chanting and clapping hands when the results were announced.
We all know that under Ramaphosa a lot of wrong things have happened and the image of the ANC has been compromised
Ramaphosa’s opponent Mkhize, walked up to the stage and took off his cap to congratulate Ramaphosa. The pair hugged and shook hands.
Ramaphosa, 70, won the contest despite being mired in accusations that he concealed the burglary of a huge amount of cash at his upmarket cattle farm.
As the nation’s vice president, he ascended to the ANC’s top job in December 2017 as his boss Jacob Zuma battled a mounting corruption scandal.
The following February, Zuma was forced out by the ANC.
Ramaphosa took office vowing to weed out endemic corruption and renew the party.
But his clean-hands image has been dented by the burglary scandal.
The affair has raised questions as to why he was in the possession of so much cash, and why he failed to report the theft to the authorities.
He won a reprieve ahead of the conference when the ANC used its majority in parliament to block a possible impeachment inquiry.
[Ramaphosa] has regained the presidency of the ANC but it may be a Pyrrhic victory, because the top seven is even more unfriendly to him
Sipho Mthembu, 41, chairman of an ANC branch in Gauteng, South Africa’s most populous province, told AFP he was “very disappointed” by the election outcome.
“We all know that under Ramaphosa a lot of wrong things have happened and the image of the ANC has been compromised,” said Mthembu.
Ramaphosa’s rival Mkhize, a 66-year-old doctor, hails from the same region as Zuma, the southeastern KwaZulu-Natal province.
He was lauded for his handling of the coronavirus pandemic.
But his tenure ended abruptly in August 2021 when he resigned amid allegations his son and associates benefited from a multi-million-dollar contract for a Covid awareness campaign. He denies any wrongdoing.
The ANC has a storied history, renowned throughout the world for its decades-long struggle, led by Nelson Mandela, against apartheid.
The 110-year-old party has governed the country continuously since the advent of democracy in 1994.
But it has been battered by graft, cronyism, internal rifts and a moribund economy.
An organisational report presented at the conference showed that party membership had dropped by a third over the past five years.
Ramaphosa’s long-running plans to overhaul the ANC are likely to meet resistance among the party’s newly-elected leaders, commentators said.
He “has regained the presidency of the ANC but it may be a Pyrrhic victory, because the top seven is even more unfriendly to him,” Richard Calland, law professor and political analyst, told AFP.
“So to escape the drag factor of his own party he will need to be bolder and show greater courage.”
But an “ecstatic” Home Affairs Minister Aaron Motsoaledi, told AFP “that is the best team the ANC can ever have”.
The conference is taking place while the country is buckling under a power crisis blamed on sabotage, theft and decrepit infrastructure.
The government on Saturday said it had begun deploying the military to protect power plants.
Understand Africa's tomorrow... today
We believe that Africa is poorly represented, and badly under-estimated. Beyond the vast opportunity manifest in African markets, we highlight people who make a difference; leaders turning the tide, youth driving change, and an indefatigable business community. That is what we believe will change the continent, and that is what we report on. With hard-hitting investigations, innovative analysis and deep dives into countries and sectors, The Africa Report delivers the insight you need.View subscription options