Coronavirus: Rajoelina’s ‘remedy’ flows freely in Madagascar

In depth
This article is part of the dossier: Corona Chronicles: 27 April – 30 April

By Emre Sari
Posted on Thursday, 30 April 2020 16:49, updated on Friday, 1 May 2020 10:59

Virus Outbreak Madagascar Herbal Drink
A man gets his bottle filled with a herbal extract believed to protect from COVID-19, in Antananarivo, Madagascar, Thursday, April 23, 2020. (AP Photo/Alexander Joe)

A few days after its official launch, President Andry Rajoelina’s Covid-Organics (CVO) remedy is being handed out free of charge in the country’s streets and schools despite questions surrounding the “miracle remedy”.

At noon on 24 April, a pick-up truck being used as part of Madagascar’s coronavirus response enters the courtyard of Jean Joseph Rabearivelo secondary school, located in the heart of Antananarivo.

At the back of the vehicle, two soldiers brandishing assault rifles guard the precious cargo: a white barrel containing 250 litres of the COVID-19 “remedy”.

READ MORE: Madagascar’s ‘Covid-Organics’ born from local tradition

Men in combat fatigues pour the liquid into buckets. The students, dressed in blue shirts, are already lined up in several rows: one by one, they fill up their empty bottle, imitating the procedure the headmaster showed them earlier.

On 20 April, President Andry Rajoelina himself launched Covid-Organics (CVO), an “improved traditional remedy with curative and preventive properties” against the coronavirus, as he described it.

READ MORE: Coronavirus: the miracle remedy touted by Madagascar’s Rajoelina

Officially developed by the Malagasy Institute of Applied Research (IMRA), the remedy is an infusion derived from artemisia and other plants which remain secret. It comes in the form of a liquid or infusion, with a defined dosage.

Distributed for free

After just about a week, CVO is already having a visible social impact.

Authorities are giving it out in schools ever since their staggered reopening began on 22 April as well as in the streets of Antananarivo, Fianarantsoa and Toamasina, the cities hardest hit by the pandemic.

Throughout the capital, the liquid flows freely and at no cost. Malagasy citizens wait in line to serve themselves directly from containers set up by authorities, leading to scenes that remind some, with humour, of the druid Panoramix, a character from the Asterix comics, handing out his magic potion.

According to Sahondra, a street vendor, “this remedy is very effective,” while another seller said that “we’re proud to be Malagasy and to have developed CVO.” Supermarkets stocking the famous liquid have no problem selling the product to more affluent customers.

The remedy’s discovery has also pushed authorities to ease lockdown restrictions.

In theory, people are free to leave their homes until 1 p.m. only. However, in reality, life in Antananarivo has practically gone back to normal, especially in working-class neighbourhoods. Countless sellers often wait until the police drive them out before packing up and leaving. Customers squeeze into small cafés until night-time and it’s not hard to find a way into illegal bars.

Partial lockdown

The easing of lockdown restrictions has helped revive a significant portion of the economy.

READ MORE: Fighting COVID-19 in Africa’s most vulnerable states needs grants not loans

Nevertheless, from a health perspective, some are concerned that restrictions are being loosened too early. “We acted quickly enough to get cases imported from foreign countries under control before the borders closed. We also performed very extensive testing”, said Lova Ranoromaro, the president’s chief of staff.

She added that the partial lockdown is being implemented in tandem with mandatory health measures such as wearing a mask, respecting social distancing rules and distributing CVO to protect the population. Since 27 April, law enforcement officials can punish individuals who go out without a mask with 15 minutes of community service.

However, Rajoelina’s “remedy” is being met with scepticism by some, while others just don’t buy it at all. “We are obviously in favour of African medicine effective against the coronavirus, but there’s no evidence that the research conducted on CVO was exhaustive”, said Faraniaina Ramarosaona, coordinator of Rohy, a civil society movement.

It’s true that the IMRA did not publish any information describing the protocols. What’s more, the curative efficacy of CVO seems to have been observed in just two people before it was announced as a remedy, according to President Rajoelina’s statements.

“We offered it to more than 20 patients and, since the launch, others have asked for it”, added Ranoromaro today, assuring that “their health condition is improving”. As of 26 April, the country had 53 active cases, no deaths and 71 recovered patients. It remains to be seen if the effectiveness of this “remedy” will be confirmed in the coming weeks.

Understand Africa's tomorrow... today

We believe that Africa is poorly represented, and badly under-estimated. Beyond the vast opportunity manifest in African markets, we highlight people who make a difference; leaders turning the tide, youth driving change, and an indefatigable business community. That is what we believe will change the continent, and that is what we report on. With hard-hitting investigations, innovative analysis and deep dives into countries and sectors, The Africa Report delivers the insight you need.

View subscription options
Also in this in Depth:

Coronavirus:  despotism disguised by the pandemic

A report by the UN released on 23 April argues that the coronavirus pandemic should not be used as a pretext for autocratic regimes to crack down on human rights and block the free flow of information, while UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has said the global public health crisis is rapidly turning into a human rights crisis.

Coronavirus: Nigeria goes home for funds out of fear on COVID-19 impact

The impact of the coronavirus has reversed Nigeria’s plan to borrow from the external market this year, forcing the country of nearly 200 million to seek funding from its domestic markets, on the approval from the country’s senate.

Coronavirus: Bill Gates defends WHO from Trump, gives $11m

Under criticism for his handling of the Covid-19 outbreak at home, US President Donald Trump lashed out.

Coronavirus: Ease sanctions for Zimbabwe and Sudan pleads AU Chair

African Union (AU) chairperson Cyril Ramaphosa has implored the international community to lift economic sanctions against Zimbabwe and Sudan to enable the countries to fight the spread of COVID-19.

Coronavirus: Woolworths small-shop formats well suited to post-pandemic

South African convenience food shopping is a more likely long-term winner from COVID-19 and social distancing than online retail.

Coronavirus: Can those stranded from Cairo to Cape Town come home?

As the coronavirus pandemic keeps most countries on lockdown mode, many nationals stranded abroad are trying to make their way home through the help of their respective governments; but for many, there is no option.

Coronavirus: ECOWAS appoints Buhari as pandemic response ‘champion’

The ECOWAS Authority of Heads of State and Government held an extraordinary session via videoconference on 23 April to discuss the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the sub-region. The meeting notably resulted in the appointment of Nigeria’s Muhammadu Buhari as the organisation’s COVID-19 response coordinator.

Coronavirus: South African mining losses sealed from lockdown

The partial easing of coronavirus lockdown restrictions is likely too little, too late to save smaller South African miners and supply companies.

Covid-19 in Africa: map following the pandemic

For a while untouched by the coronavirus pandemic, the whole continent is now affected by the spread of Covid-19.