Key Tanzanian opposition leaders are willing to bank on President Samia Suluhu Hassan to deliver political and constitutional reforms, heralding ... a new democratic dispensation. However, the powerful intelligence services, which had been a 'private army' for former president John Magufuli, stand in her way, as well as her own political party.
While no one has claimed responsibility for the shooting, the 34-year old had been receiving death threats.
News of his death saw thousands of his fans make their way to his hospital in Addis Ababa. In an effort to control the crowds, police used tear gas to disperse his fans.
BREAKING: Mass protest taken place in #Ethiopia capital #AddisAbaba after popular Oromo artist & singer Hachalu Hundessa was shot dead last night. Gunfire can be heard throughout the capital, #Ethiopia security forces shut-down internet, arrest journalists, Situation tense. pic.twitter.com/prVKhliDME
— Morad News (@MoradNews) June 30, 2020
The internet has also been shut down following reported riots in the capital following news of his death.
BREAKING Ethiopia shuts down Internet after riots linked to killing of popular musician engulfed parts of capital Addis.
— Rashid Abdi (@RAbdiCG) June 30, 2020
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed expressed his condolences, adding they are awaiting the results of a police investigation. He has also called on mourners to be vigilant to prevent any further violence.
Oromo ethnic group
Hundessa belongs to the Oromo ethnic group; one of the largest minorities in the country, with some estimating them to comprise between 25 to 40 percent of the population.
While the Oromo people are spread out across the country, they are united by a shared language, which is also widely spoken in northern Kenya and parts of Somalia.
But despite their large numbers, they have long complained of social and economic exclusion by the Ethiopian government. Growing demands for independence from Ethiopia has provoked pushback – at times deadly – from the government.
The Oromo are credited with the wave of protests that erupted in 2016 and eventually led to the downfall of the previous prime minister.
Former Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn was eventually replaced by Mr Abiy Ahmed, who is Oromo himself.
At the start of his mandate, he was commended for having brought in a series of reforms.
Legacy of Hachalu Hundessa
Hachalu’s lyrics often focused on the rights of the country’s Oromo ethnic group, often to the ire of nationalists.
“…we are talking about the death of perhaps the most influential musician beloved by millions. The emotions, the heartache and the uproar will rock the country,” writes Ethiopian journalist Zecharias Zelalem.
The death of an “Oromo icon” could be a catalyst for a major backlash warns Rashid Abdi, a researcher at the Research and Evidence Facility (REF) on migration in the Horn Of Africa.
“A large scale backlash will almost certainly topple PM Abiy, already bleeding suporting Oromo heartland,” he adds.
Understand Africa's tomorrow... today
We believe that Africa is poorly represented, and badly under-estimated. Beyond the vast opportunity manifest in African markets, we highlight people who make a difference; leaders turning the tide, youth driving change, and an indefatigable business community. That is what we believe will change the continent, and that is what we report on. With hard-hitting investigations, innovative analysis and deep dives into countries and sectors, The Africa Report delivers the insight you need.View subscription options