Following Sudan's revolution over a year ago, a peace agreement has been signed and political changes are taking shape with increasing speed. But attention must be directed to elements that can make or break peace in Sudan, including dealing with past atrocities, centre-periphery relations and the role of the military in nation building. In this eighth part of our series, we explore how Sudan's peace determines the stability in the Red Sea basin.
Who is Nawaf al-Ahmad al-Sabah, the new Emir of Kuwait?
The new Emir of Kuwait does not have the charisma of his predecessor but hopes to continue to make his country a leading force in the region.
Nawaf al-Sabah became the emir of Kuwait on the 29th September, following the death of his half-brother, Sabah al-Sabah, who dominated the country’s politics for decades.
According to observers of the small petro-monarchy, the new emir is likely to be less hands on than his predecessor in the conduct of state affairs.
The new emir is described as a modest and reserved man. A video doing the rounds on social media shows him coming out of a mosque without bodyguards and driving an unpretentious car.
Several times Minister
Prior to his inauguration, he held several government positions. In particular, he was Minister of Defence in 1990 at the time of Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait.
He was also Minister of the Interior and Deputy Commander of the National Guard as well as being appointed Crown Prince in 2006.
Difficult to place
He is the first emir who has never been Prime Minister.
His policies and method of governance therefore remain a mystery, whereas his predecessor was known for his pan-Arabism and his talents as a mediator.
The new Emir has already broken a record: the fastest appointment of a Crown Prince. He appointed his half-brother, Sheikh Mishal Al-Sabah, after only eight days on the throne.
He had a year to do so. A way of cutting short the intrigue surrounding a divided royal family.
Sheikh Mishal has served as Deputy Commander of the National Guard and Minister of the Interior. According to Cinzia Bianco, a Gulf specialist at the European Council for International Relations, he has a complicated relationship with the Muslim brotherhood. It is said that he is quite close to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
The choice of Sheikh Mishal, 81, by the Emir, who is himself 83, betrays Kuwait’s difficulty in passing the torch to the new generation. It creates a contrast with several countries in the region, who have seen their leadership rejuvenated in recent years.
The Emir will have the difficult task of perpetuating the legacy of Sheikh Sabah who, in an unstable regional environment, had been able to maintain balance and independent diplomacy.
Many people believe that Kuwait will continue to be a moderating regional force, Kuwaiti public opinion being favourable to this attitude.
Economic and political challenges
The Emir will have to cope will falling oil prices and the pandemic, which aggravated the country’s fiscal problems. A few weeks ago the Moody’s agency even downgraded Kuwait’s rating, something unheard of previously.
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