With a population that has a higher number of children and elderly, Zambia is left with not enough workers. Its dependency ratio leaves it vulnerable to taking on too much future debt, regardless of any post-default restructuring solution.
AfCFTA will boost Kenya cement demand – Bamburi CEO
The COVID-19 pandemic has done nothing to derail long-term prospects for Kenya’s per head cement demand to double, Seddiq Hassani, CEO of Bamburi, tells The Africa Report.
Hassani sees 300kg per head, versus about 150kg now, as a realistic consumption target which would bring Kenya into line with North African countries. “We’ll get there for sure,” he says. Bamburi, majority owned by LafargeHolcim, is Kenya’s largest cement producer and trades on the Nairobi stock exchange.
Kenya needs cement to be able to take advantage of the opportunities arising from the Africa Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA). Exports such as flowers, tea and food need increased road, rail and port capacity. Housing will also drive cement demand: the International Finance Corporation estimates that Kenya has a housing shortfall of 2m units. “There’s a strong willingness now to develop infrastructure,” says Hassani.
Consumption of cement has the potential to triple over the next 15 to 20 years, he adds.
Demand up to 2016 was regularly posting double-digit growth rates, before being interrupted by the imposition of an interest-rate cap on banking lending, followed by an election year slowdown in 2017.
The cap, Hassani says, had the effect of making loans less rather than more affordable as banks were reluctant to lend to small business. The ending of the cap in late 2019 has contributed to this year’s strong if uneven demand, he argues.
Despite COVID-19, Kenya’s cement consumption increased by 11% in the first eight months of the year, according to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. The first quarter was “quite strong” for the industry, before a slowdown driven by the impact of COVID-19 on the global economy, says Hassani. Since July, there has been a recovery leading to levels of cement demand in Kenya similar to those seen before the pandemic, he adds.
Major Kenyan construction projects include the extension of Mombasa port, the building of the Coastline Transnational Highway from Malindi to Bagamoyo in Tanzania, and the Lamu Port and South Sudan Ethiopia Transport (LAPSSET) projects, designed to facilitate trade with South Sudan and Ethiopia.
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Kenya’s prospects have continued to attract new cement market entrants even as local prices have fallen. In October, Nairobi Business Ventures, formerly a shoe retailer, said it plans to build an integrated cement plant with capacity of 1m tonnes per year.
- Hassani agrees that there is overcapacity in the Kenyan market, which even a process of consolidation would not eliminate.
- The overcapacity, he says, was not installed from a short-term perspective. It shows strength of confidence in the market’s long-term potential, and gives a way to cover the country’s future housing and infrastructure needs.
- In other words, “we have to live with it.”
- “The market will grow again,” Hassani says. “It’s only a matter of time.”
Bamburi has focused on strict cash and inventory management during the pandemic, adds Hassani.
The company hasn’t made any decisions over how to deploy its balance-sheet strength. The interim dividend was omitted as first-half revenue fell 13%. A decision on a full-year dividend will depend on how the business performs in the fourth quarter, and the outlook for 2021, says Hassani.
The company has accelerated the digitalisation of processes to support customers. An application lets clients place and track orders, make payments and remotely monitor safety at delivery sites. “That’s the way forward; COVID was the accelerator,” says Hassani.
Kenya’s cement industry will be a key indicator of the region’s post-COVID 19 economic recovery.