From the 1930s onwards, several African women who were ahead of their time made their mark in a fiercely male-dominated society. In her remarkable ... essay, Géraldine Faladé Touadé revives the memory of these pioneers who have been unjustly forgotten by history for far too long.
As Lake Chad slowly evaporated over the past decades, it took centuries-old farming techniques with it. That environmental catastrophe is feeding into a governance crisis also decades-long in the making.
Terrorist groups often make the law in rural areas of the Sahel. Sahelian states like Mali, and the states of northern Nigeria, are unable to project power and security for their citizens across their vast, sparsely populated territories.