On 30 November, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed urged rebels in Tigray to surrender, saying government forces were closing in on victory. ... It comes just a week after the PM pledged to lead military operations on the frontline.
Both North Korea and Côte d’Ivoire face international sanctions, a big government deficit and food insecurity. Read
the last in our series of development scorecards prepared by the Africa Progress Panel
for their ‘Scoring for Africa’ report.
Attempts on target
Education: The government of North Korea places great importance on centralized education. This has
resulted in a very high literacy rate (nearly 100%) and places the country in the global top ten when it
comes to combined gross enrolment ration. (Source: UNSTATS Key Findings of 2008 Census)
Peace and National Stability: Côte d’Ivoire’s civil war officially ended in 2007, with a peace agreement
and the creation of a transitional government of national unity. Although fighting has ceased, and
elections have been postponed several times, the country’s situation has improved.
Attempts off target:
Millennium Development Goals. While in Côte d’Ivoire the situation is particularly tragic when it comes to
extreme poverty and health, North Korea lags far behind in combating hunger. Both countries are among
the world’s worst performers when it comes to women’s empowerment and gender equality. (Source:
Governance: Both countries suffer from substantial governance deficits. In North Korea, the eccentric
leader Kim Jong-Il has followed in the foot-steps of his father to marginalize the country both economically
and politically. In Côte d’Ivoire, President Laurent Gbagbo has repeatedly postponed the holding of
elections, most recently in April 2010, even though his term of office originally expired in 2005.
Food Security: Both countries are experiencing severe food insecurity. In North Korea, lack of arable
land, insufficient investment in agriculture and have left more than 8.2 million people in need of food
assistance. In Côte d’Ivoire, the protracted political crisis, the large number of internally displaced people
and the de facto division of the country continue to limit the availability of and access to food of large
parts of the population. (Sources: World Food Programme Country Report 2010, World Food Programme
Country Report 2010)
National Unity: Both countries face substantial divisions with North Korea having been separated from
South Korea for over 50 years and Côte d’Ivoire being divided in two by a demilitarized zone since the
civil war which started in 2002.
Sanctions: Both Côte d’Ivoire and North Korea are subject to international sanctions, albeit to very different
degrees and for very different reasons. Côte d’Ivoire, for example, is under sanctions when it comes to
EU’s import ban on diamonds, ban on exports of equipment for internal repression, embargo on arms and
related materiel and freezing of funds and economic resources of certain persons who constitute a threat
to the peace and national reconciliation process in Côte d’Ivoire. North Korea is facing similar sanctions,
with some additions such as the embargo on certain goods and technologies which could contribute
to North Korea’s nuclear-related, missile-related or other weapons of mass destruction-related programs.
(Source: European Commission: External Relations – Restrictive measures in force)
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