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Algeria vs England: Development Scorecard

By UNKNOWN
Posted on Friday, 18 June 2010 08:28

A win over Algeria today is vital for England’s progress to the second round. Off the pitch, Algeria’s oil and gas supplies are becoming of increasing strategic importance to the UK, which is the largest foreign investor in the country, according to a development scorecard prepared by the Africa Progress Panel

for their ‘Scoring for Africa’ report. Scroll down for team stats.

Attempts on target

Trade: Bilateral trade between Algeria and the UK continues to grow with UK exports to Algeria reaching

£268 million in 2008. Concerns about the reliability of gas supplies from Russia have increased Algeria’s

strategic importance to gas importers like the UK. (Source: UK Foreign and Common Wealth Office)

Investment: The UK is the largest foreign investor in Algeria and particularly interested in the country’s oil

and gas sectors. UK businesses are also involved in nickel mining, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals,

power supply and tourism. (Sources: UK Foreign and Common Wealth Office, UK Trade and Investment)

Security: Algeria has become an important ally of the UK in its fight against Islamist militancy. In December

2009 both countries agreed to further deepen security cooperation particularly in the areas of intelligence

exchange and counter-terrorism training. (Source: Africa Confidential)

Technical Cooperation: The number of technical and scientific cooperation agreements between the

two countries is increasing fast. The British National Space Centre, for example, has signed a memorandum

of understanding with the Algerian Space Agency pledging assistance to support the development of

Algeria’s space industry, particularly in the areas of telecommunications and earth observation. Algeria’s

first satellite, which was launched in 2002, was built under a technology transfer programme in Surrey,

England.

Climate Change: Algeria was the lead negotiator for the Africa Group at the COP15 Copenhagen

Climate Change Summit in December last year. The government of Gordon Brown was very supportive

of the Africa Group Group’s common position on climate change and coordinated its position closely

with Algeria.

Attempts off target

Governance: In 2008, Algeria’s President Abdelaziz Bouteflika changed the constitutional two-term limit

so that he could run for a third five year term – which he did successfully. The UK and other major partners

have failed to speak out against this.

Fouls

Human Rights: Critics claim that both governments tolerate human rights abuses and even torture by

officials in their joint counter-terrorism efforts. The UN Committee against Torture has called on both

governments to combat impunity, investigate all past and present cases of torture, and ensure that antiterrorism

measures comply with international human rights standards.

Investment: New Algerian policies have significantly worsened the environment for foreign businesses

and investors. There has been a marked change in policy since July 2008, with the imposition of a tougher

tax regime, ceilings on foreign ownership and a raft of measures that make it harder to import goods into

Algeria. (Source: Economist Intelligence Unit)

Agricultural Subsidies: The EU is the world’s largest subsidiser of the agricultural sector, spending more than

40% of its 2010 budget (€60 billion) on agricultural subsidies through its Common Agricultural Policy. These

subsidies hurt Algerian farmers and the Algerian agricultural sector which makes up an estimated 10% of

the country’s GDP and employs between 15-20% of its population. (Sources: International Labour Office

LABORSTA 2010, ONE Data Report 2009)

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