The death of Amadou Gon Coulibaly on 8 July has left the Ivorian political party Rally of Houphouëtists for Democracy and Peace (Rassemblement des houphouëtistes pour la démocratie et la paix – RHDP) without a candidate for the presidential election. Who can fill in his shoes?
Egyptian parliament approves Value Added Tax at 13%
Parliament had been debating the law for weeks with several lawmakers opposing the government’s initial proposal of 14 percent and wanting to lower it to 12 for fear it would stoke inflation.
The 13 percent rate was agreed after Finance Minister Amr El-Garhy proposed it as a compromise in a Sunday parliamentary session.
The long-delayed VAT law is part of a government fiscal reform programme aimed at reducing a ballooning deficit by finding new sources of revenue and cutting energy subsidies.
The law will replace the current sales tax which economists have long said creates market distortions.
It is expected to broadening the tax base in a country where the government struggles to efficiently collect income tax because of a large informal economy and widespread avoidance.
However, the tax exempts basic goods and services to protect the poor from rising prices.
Egypt’s economy has been struggling since a mass uprising in 2011 ushered in political instability that drove away tourists and foreign investors, both major earners of foreign currency.
The turmoil has seen foreign reserves more than halve from some $36 billion before the uprising to some $15.5 billion in July.