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Côte d’Ivoire 2021 • 2025 : Succeeding together and building a nation

© Alassane Ouattara – President of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire

“Emergence is staking a claim on the future. We are planning the future while building emergence in a spirit of peace, serenity, dialogue and social cohesion.”

“We and the government have done our best to consolidate peace and stability in our country, to revive our economy and to strengthen Côte d’Ivoire’s leadership in the sub-region and the world. We have strived to improve our citizens’ living conditions. We have worked tirelessly for every Ivorian and for Côte d’Ivoire, our beautiful country… Now we’re taking it to the next level. Our programme for the period 2021-2025 will accelerate Côte d’Ivoire’s economic and social transformation, with an even bigger involvement of all stakeholders, including the private sector and civil society, for even more inclusive growth and a more united Côte d’Ivoire.”


UNION – DISCIPLINE – WORK

“Emergence is staking a claim on the future. We are planning the future while building emergence in a spirit of peace, serenity, dialogue and social cohesion.”


© President Alassane Ouattara with Prime Minister Patrick Achi.

Côte d’Ivoire currently has a population of more than 26 million and a gross national product (GNP) of almost $45 billion. It is also the leading economic power in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU). The country is central to regional defence and security strategies. Its stability and its vision of a modern Africa are crucial to the sub-region.

President Alassane Ouattara and his devoted team have thrown themselves into the development and preparation of the country’s economy, and the result of this unwavering commitment is 10 years of uninterrupted growth, a diversified economy, an abundance of agricultural and energy resources, a healthy macroeconomic framework, controlled debt, and an international network of relationships.

On 25 November 2020, the world sent a strong signal of confidence in the country and in President Alassane Ouattara and his team when a €1 billion Eurobond with a yield of around 5% was issued. On 12 February 2021, Côte d’Ivoire raised another €850 million at 4.7%.

Reconstruction 

The years 2011-2020 constituted a decade of incredible change for Côte d’Ivoire. Alassane Ouattara’s rise to power set in motion a sustained programme of reform. After 20 years of stagnation, division and violence, Côte d’Ivoire has once again become the leading country in the region.

The authority of the State was reinstated and it has assumed its essential functions of education, access to healthcare, electricity and housing for all. Institutions have been restored and strengthened. In times of crises, they are the bulwark and ensure the continuity of the State.

It is up to the State to serve the nation, to concern itself with vital infrastructure and the well-being of its citizens. It also has to be able to consolidate national unity, fight tribalism, and strengthen the values of peace, justice and democracy.

Côte d’Ivoire’s diplomatic revival was confirmed when it was elected to one of the non-permanent seats on the UN Security Council after having been absent from this institution for a quarter of a century. All these changes were achieved through the collective work of a motivated and united team that is now ready for a new phase in the country’s emergence. President Alassane Ouattara’s objective is to maintain a long cycle of growth, for a better distribution of wealth and a united Côte d’Ivoire.

© RENAUD VAN DER MEEREN/ÉD.DU JAGUAR – Abidjan-Yamoussoukro highway

Preserve and pursue

In spite of the country’s tragic losses in early 2021 with the death of two of its loyal collaborateurs, Amadou Gon Coulibaly and Hamed Bakayoko, who had been working with President Alassane Ouattara for many years, the system had to be overhauled. The emergence of Côte d’Ivoire is still on course. President Alassane Ouattara took back the helm to address these numerous challenges in exceptional circumstances and, under his experienced leadership, Côte d’Ivoire is set to stay strong and united.

Prime Minister Patrick Achi, along with Amadou Gon Coulibaly and Hamed Bakayoko, was one of the architects of the 2020-2025 economic programme. At his side, a number of 40- and 50-year-olds, who cut their political teeth in the ranks of the RDR/RHDP, ensure its implementation.

A symbol of this continuity is 40-year-old Abdourahmane Cissé, appointed Minister and Secretary General of the Presidency.A graduate of Paris’s prestigious École Polytechnique, he was an economic adviser and then Minister of the Budget, and is at the frontlines of government action.

2021 2025
A modern and united Côte d’Ivoire

Another new challenge that Côte d’Ivoire has to meet is maintaining a high rate of growth throughout the coming years. This is a key condition for increasing national wealth, absorbing the growing population, guaranteeing jobs and obtaining tangible results in terms of human development.

The programme for the period 2021-2025 is designed to accelerate economic and social transformation and is based on five pillars:

> PILLAR ONE: peace, security and social cohesion. These are the essential prerequisites for Ivorians to be able to plan a future into which they can project and invest themselves with peace of mind.

> PILLAR TWO: job creation. The State must play a leading role in driving the structural transformation of the economy through industrialisation, organising the economic sectors accordingly andmotivating the national private sector.

> PILLAR THREE: creating a pleasant quality of life and an attractive investment environment throughout the country.
Pursue endeavours for the sustainable management of solid, liquid and hazardous waste to ensure a healthy environment.
Improve the organisationof waste collection and transport.
Ramp up the building of social housing in urban and rural areas. In terms of housing, this entails the implementation of a programme to secure and service land.
And for a pleasant quality of life, gradually educate the population in environmental protection.

> PILLAR FOUR: building a more efficient and committed administration that serves the private sector, the regions and citizens. This involves the rise of a genuine meritocracy within the public administration. Decentralisation must be stepped up in the regions by ensuring the viability of local authorities and the establishment of adevelopment charter.


“MADE IN CÔTE D’IVOIRE” LABEL
A proactive policy for the local manufacture of
industrial or semi-industrial products has been
put in place. Projects include the setting up of
factories for assembling transport, electronic
and medical equipment.Thedevelopment of an
automobile industry with assembly plants is also
on the cards.Theprocessing of local products will
give risetothe“Made in Côte d’Ivoire” label.There
is excellent potential for investment, production,
marketing and job creation!


> PILLAR FIVE: people. Central to a united Côte d’Ivoire is the new Ivorian. Every Ivorian, whatever his or her origins and social standing, must become an agent of development and contribute through his or her work to the creation of wealth and the development of the country. They must be infused with the nation’s values, and their skills must be appropriately rewarded. People are the end as well as the means to achieving these ambitions.

This is an enormous undertaking, which must also be carried out within the framework of sustainable development.

Sustainable development is a priority

The management of natural capital is key to maintaining high growth. Climate change and the requirements of the energy transition are major challenges that Côte d’Ivoire is facing. The threats are real, ranging from floods, disruption to rainfall patterns, coastal land loss and rising temperatures, which could jeopardise agricultural production and put cities such as Abidjan or Grand-Bassam at risk.

Rapid deforestation is a problem, as tropical forests play a crucial role in combating local climate change and regulating rainfall temperature. The national priority is restoring forest cover to 20% by 2045, which equates to almost 3 million hectares of forest. The cost of the action plan is estimated at around 700 billion CFA francs, or more than 2 billion euros over the next decade.

This has encouraged Côte d’Ivoire, which is seeking to establish itself as a leading tourist destination, to contemplate a different kind of tourism. From North to South, the potential is huge, with a lagoon system that is unique in Africa, national parks, rare species, UNESCO heritage sites, Ramsar Convention-listed wetlands of international importance, the primary forest that needs to be preserved, as well as the once abundant wildlife that is now unfortunately endangered. From now on, there is only one objective: to preserve the environment, to regulate tours and to meticulously supervise projects.

© NABIL ZORKOT / ÉD. DU JAGUAR •  JACQUES TORREGANO / JA – Abidjan: the Plateau district and its administrative, financial and commercial towers.

This also means that, alongside business tourism, a different approach to development must be taken to ensure qualitative and ecological tourism that promotes green travel and the discovery of Côte d’Ivoire’s local culture and natural and cultural heritage. It is an extremely important reform requiring the investment of all, and the training of managers and staff linked to this activity.

If successful, this experience could serve as a model. The same applies to the development of cities, which has to be rethought, taking into account past experiences. For example, Abidjan which, driven by the economic boom, went overboard without always thinking about the needs of tomorrow’s cities. The government is aware of this imperative because in 2040 Abidjan will have a population of 10 million and two out of three Ivorians will live in cities. However, Abidjan is once again a welcoming city, a transit hub and a major cultural platform. Côte d’Ivoire remains concerned about the security situation in the country andthe sub-region.

© RENAUD VAN DER MEEREN/ÉD.DU JAGUAR. Cocoa trees near San Pedro.