Officially, the president of Côte d’Ivoire, Alassane Ouattara, and his predecessor, Laurent Gbagbo, have no contact with one another. However, ... behind the scenes, the pair are engaged in back-channel negotiations.
In 1960, African leaders – the likes of Lumumba, Houphouët, Keïta, Senghor, Mba and Ahidjo – stepped up to the podium one after another ... to proclaim the independence of their nations. Whether solemn or radical, these speeches went down in history.
At a luncheon at the Elysée Palace on 4 September, French President Emmanuel Macron shared with Ivorian President Alassane Ouattara his concerns ... about the socio-political climate in Côte d'Ivoire in the run-up to the presidential election. This annoyed his counterpart.