The construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile tributary has been poisoning the atmosphere between Cairo, Addis Ababa and Khartoum for more than 10 years. The situation has escalated to the point where a military conflict can no longer be easily dismissed.
At the start of April, Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi spoke up for the first time using very direct words against any action that would take away any drop if its water resources. In this second part of our series, we examine how likely military action is between the two.
Using 10 metric tonnes of concrete, standing at 175 metres tall and with a reservoir volume of 79 km3, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam is an impressive feat of engineering – as well as a source of conflict between Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan. We delve deeper into the intricacies with a visual explanation below.
Egypt appears to be getting serious about military action against Ethiopia over its control over Nile River water resources. In fact, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s political future hinges on how well he manages the dam dispute.
The failure of the latest round of negotiations between Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt regarding the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam could have dramatic repercussions for the region and the world, potentially setting off a new migrant crisis, a military intervention and chaos in shipping.